The Swiss contribution has the aim of reducing economic and social inequalities within the enlarged EU. It is based on Article 54 paragraph 2 of the Federal Constitution. By making the contribution, Switzerland signals its commitment to ensuring Europe’s security, stability and prosperity. To support this process, between 2007 and 2014 the Swiss Parliament approved three framework credits amounting to CHF 1.302 billion over 10 years (the ‘enlargement contribution’). Partner countries are the member states that joined the EU in 2004 (the EU 10), 2007 (Bulgaria and Romania) and 2013 (Croatia) (the EU 13).
On 3 December 2019, the Swiss Parliament approved the second Swiss contribution to selected EU member states. The second Swiss contribution, like the enlargement contribution, amounts to CHF 1.302 billion. This total is allocated to two areas: it is planned that CHF 1.102 billion will go to the EU 13 countries to strengthen cohesion (the cohesion framework credit, implemented through the SDC and SECO); CHF 200 million will be spent on measures related to migration (the migration framework credit, implemented through SEM).
The migration framework credit is intended to help improve control over migratory movements in specific EU member states, and will be invested in programmes conducted in the supported countries. One of the goals of this commitment to counter irregular (secondary) migration within Europe. The migration framework credit will primarily be used to fund projects on asylum procedures, infrastructure and voluntary returns.
The funds should be invested in EU states that have been seriously affected by migratory movements, where there is a need to improve migration structures – i.e. investments will also be made in EU states other than the EU 13. The Asylum Act (SR 142.31) provides the statutory basis. The criteria for selecting partner countries are primarily the degree to which they are affected by migration and the countries’ needs as far as managing these migratory movements is concerned.
Further information is available on the website of the FDFA:
Last modification 23.04.2021